Business Studies

Debentures ______________ forfeited for non-payment of call moneys.


ANSWER

Cannot be


SOLUTION
Generally total face value of debenture is demanded by company in installments I.e. Debenture application, Debenture allotment and Debentures calls accounts. It is usual that some of the debenture-holders fail to pay the amount of different installments when these are demanded by company. Such unpaid calls (installments) are called ‘Calls in arrears’. Under the provisions of Companies Act, 1956 debentures cannot be forfeited by company.

Because under section 122 of the Companies Act 1956 a contract with a company to take up and pay for any debenture may be enforced by a decree for specific performance. For the realisation of calls in arrears on debentures the company can only file a suit in the court. Company can charge interest on calls-in-arrears as provided in prospectus.

Sometimes, certain debenture-holders pay money against those calls also which have not yet en demanded by company. In such cases the amount received is credited to calls in advance account. If provided in prospectus, the company pays interest on this amount to debenture-holders at a specified rate. Interest is always calculated for the period, the advance has been received.
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