Business Studies

Explain briefly various functions of finance manager.


SOLUTION
The functions of Financial Manager are discussed below:

1. Estimating the Amount of Capital Required:
This is the foremost function of the financial manager. Business firms require capital for:

(i) purchase of fixed assets,

(ii) meeting working capital requirements, and

(iii) modernisation and expansion of business.

The financial manager makes estimates of funds required for both short-term and long-term.

2. Determining Capital Structure:
Once the requirement of capital funds has been determined, a decision regarding the kind and proportion of various sources of funds has to be taken. For this, financial manager has to determine the proper mix of equity and debt and short-term and long-term debt ratio. This is done to achieve minimum cost of capital and maximise shareholders wealth.

3. Choice of Sources of Funds:
Before the actual procurement of funds, the finance manager has to decide the sources from which the funds are to be raised. The management can raise finance from various sources like equity shareholders, preference shareholders, debenture- holders, banks and other financial institutions, public deposits, etc.

4. Procurement of Funds:
The financial manager takes steps to procure the funds required for the business. It might require negotiation with creditors and financial institutions, issue of prospectus, etc. The procurement of funds is dependent not only upon cost of raising funds but also on other factors like general market conditions, choice of investors, government policy, etc.

5. Utilisation of Funds:
The funds procured by the financial manager are to be prudently invested in various assets so as to maximise the return on investment: While taking investment decisions, management should be guided by three important principles, viz., safety, profitability, and liquidity.
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